Compute Shapes

A shape is a template that determines the number of CPUs, amount of memory, and other resources that are allocated to an instance.

This topic provides basic information about the shapes that are available for bare metal instances, virtual machines (VMs), and dedicated virtual machine hosts.

Note

AMD shapes, X5-based and X6-based shapes, and high performance computing (HPC) shapes are not available in Government Cloud realms.

Flexible Shapes

A flexible shape is a shape with a customizable number of OCPUs. When you create a VM instance using the flexible shape, you select the number of OCPUs that you need for the workloads that you will run on the instance. The amount of memory, network bandwidth, and number of VNICs scale proportionately with the number of OCPUs.

The VM.Standard.E3.Flex shape, a VM standard shape, is a flexible shape.

Flexible shapes are supported in the following regions. The availability domain in which you create an instance using a flexible shape must have flexible shape hardware.

  • Australia East (Sydney)
  • Australia Southeast (Melbourne)
  • Brazil East (Sao Paulo)
  • Canada Southeast (Montreal)
  • Canada Southeast (Toronto)
  • Germany Central (Frankfurt)
  • Japan Central (Osaka)
  • Japan East (Tokyo)
  • Netherlands Northwest (Amsterdam)
  • Saudi Arabia West (Jeddah)
  • South Korea Central (Seoul)
  • South Korea North (Chuncheon)
  • Switzerland North (Zurich)
  • UK South (London)
  • US East (Ashburn)
  • US West (Phoenix)

The following Oracle-provided platform images are compatible with flexible shapes. Use an image that was published in March 2020 (for Linux images) or April 2020 (for Windows images) or later.

  • Oracle Autonomous Linux 7.x
  • Oracle Linux 6.x (VMs only)
  • Oracle Linux 7.x
  • CentOS 7.x
  • Ubuntu 16.04
  • Ubuntu 18.04
  • Windows Server 2012 (VMs only)
  • Windows Server 2016 (VMs only)
  • Windows Server 2019 (VMs only)

Custom images are also supported, depending on the image. You must add flexible shape compatibility to the custom image, and then test the image on the flexible shape to ensure that it actually works on the shape.

Bare Metal Shapes

The following shapes are available for bare metal instances:

Network bandwidth is based on expected bandwidth for traffic within a VCN.

Standard Shapes

Designed for general purpose workloads and suitable for a wide range of applications and use cases. Standard shapes provide a balance of cores, memory, and network resources. Standard shapes are available with Intel or AMD processors.

These are the bare metal standard series:

  • BM.Standard1: X5-based standard compute. Processor: Intel Xeon E5-2699 v3. Base frequency 2.3 GHz, max turbo frequency 3.6 GHz.

    X5-based shapes availability is limited to monthly universal credit customers existing on or before November 9, 2018, in the US West (Phoenix), US East (Ashburn), and Germany Central (Frankfurt) regions.

  • BM.Standard.B1: X6-based standard compute. Processor: Intel Xeon E5-2699 v4. Base frequency 2.2 GHz, max turbo frequency 3.6 GHz.
  • BM.Standard2: X7-based standard compute. Processor: Intel Xeon Platinum 8167M. Base frequency 2.0 GHz, max turbo frequency 2.4 GHz.
  • BM.Standard.E2: E2-based standard compute. Processor: AMD EPYC 7551. Base frequency 2.0 GHz, max boost frequency 3.0 GHz.
  • BM.Standard.E3: E3-based standard compute. Processor: AMD EPYC 7742. Base frequency 2.25 GHz, max boost frequency 3.4 GHz.
ShapeOCPUMemory (GB)Local Disk Max Network BandwidthMax VNICs Total: LinuxMax VNICs Total: Windows
BM.Standard1.3636256Block storage only10 Gbps361
BM.Standard.B1.4444512Block storage only25 Gbps44None
BM.Standard2.5252768Block storage only2 x 25 Gbps

52 total (26 per physical NIC)

27 total (1 on the first physical NIC, 26 on the second)
BM.Standard.E2.6464512Block storage only2 x 25 Gbps7576 (1 on the first physical NIC, 75 on the second)
BM.Standard.E3.1281282048Block storage only2 x 50 Gbps12865 (1 on the first physical NIC, 64 on the second)

Dense I/O Shapes

Designed for large databases, big data workloads, and applications that require high-performance local storage. DenseIO shapes include locally-attached NVMe-based SSDs.

These are the bare metal dense I/O series:

  • BM.DenseIO1: X5-based dense I/O compute. Processor: Intel Xeon E5-2699 v3. Base frequency 2.3 GHz, max turbo frequency 3.6 GHz.

    X5-based shapes availability is limited to monthly universal credit customers existing on or before November 9, 2018, in the US West (Phoenix), US East (Ashburn), and Germany Central (Frankfurt) regions.

  • BM.DenseIO2: X7-based dense I/O compute. Processor: Intel Xeon Platinum 8167M. Base frequency 2.0 GHz, max turbo frequency 2.4 GHz.
ShapeOCPUMemory (GB)Local Disk Max Network BandwidthMax VNICs Total: LinuxMax VNICs Total: Windows
BM.DenseIO1.363651228.8 TB NVMe SSD (9 drives)10 Gbps361
BM.DenseIO2.5252768

51.2 TB NVMe SSD (8 drives)

2 x 25 Gbps52 total (26 per physical NIC)27 total (1 on the first physical NIC, 26 on the second)

GPU Shapes

Designed for hardware-accelerated workloads. GPU shapes include Intel CPUs and NVIDIA graphics processors.

These are the bare metal GPU series:

  • BM.GPU2: X7-based GPU compute.

    • GPU: NVIDIA Tesla P100
    • CPU: Intel Xeon Platinum 8167M. Base frequency 2.0 GHz, max turbo frequency 2.4 GHz.
  • BM.GPU3: X7-based GPU compute.

    • GPU: NVIDIA Tesla V100
    • CPU: Intel Xeon Platinum 8167M. Base frequency 2.0 GHz, max turbo frequency 2.4 GHz.
ShapeOCPUMemory (GB)Local Disk Max Network BandwidthMax VNICs Total: LinuxMax VNICs Total: Windows

BM.GPU2.2

(GPU: 2xP100)

28192Block storage only2 x 25 Gbps2815 (1 on the first physical NIC, 14 on the second)

BM.GPU3.8

(GPU: 8xV100)

52768Block storage only2 x 25 Gbps5227 (1 on the first physical NIC, 26 on the second)

HPC Shapes

Designed for high-performance computing workloads that require high frequency processor cores and cluster networking for massively parallel HPC workloads.

This is the bare metal HPC series:

  • BM.HPC2: X7-based high frequency compute. Processor: Intel Xeon Gold 6154. Base frequency 3.0 GHz, max turbo frequency 3.7 GHz.
ShapeOCPUMemory (GB)Local Disk Max Network BandwidthMax VNICs Total: LinuxMax VNICs Total: Windows
BM.HPC2.3636384

6.4 TB NVMe SSD (1 drive)

1 x 25 Gbps

1 x 100 Gbps RDMA

501

VM Shapes

The following shapes are available for VMs:

Network bandwidth is based on expected bandwidth for traffic within a VCN.

Standard Shapes

Designed for general purpose workloads and suitable for a wide range of applications and use cases. Standard shapes provide a balance of cores, memory, and network resources. Standard shapes are available with Intel or AMD processors.

These are the VM standard series:

  • VM.Standard1: X5-based standard compute. Processor: Intel Xeon E5-2699 v3. Base frequency 2.3 GHz, max turbo frequency 3.6 GHz.

    X5-based shapes availability is limited to monthly universal credit customers existing on or before November 9, 2018, in the US West (Phoenix), US East (Ashburn), and Germany Central (Frankfurt) regions.

  • VM.Standard.B1: X6-based standard compute. Processor: Intel Xeon E5-2699 v4. Base frequency 2.2 GHz, max turbo frequency 3.6 GHz.
  • VM.Standard2: X7-based standard compute. Processor: Intel Xeon Platinum 8167M. Base frequency 2.0 GHz, max turbo frequency 2.4 GHz.
  • VM.Standard.E2.1.Micro: E2-based standard compute. Processor: AMD EPYC 7551. Base frequency 2.0 GHz, max boost frequency 3.0 GHz.
  • VM.Standard.E2: E2-based standard compute. Processor: AMD EPYC 7551. Base frequency 2.0 GHz, max boost frequency 3.0 GHz.
  • VM.Standard.E3: E3-based standard compute, with a flexible number of OCPUs. Processor: AMD EPYC 7742. Base frequency 2.25 GHz, max boost frequency 3.4 GHz.
ShapeOCPUMemory (GB)Local Disk (TB)Max Network BandwidthMax VNICs Total: LinuxMax VNICs Total: Windows
VM.Standard1.117Block storage only600 Mbps21
VM.Standard1.2214Block storage only1.2 Gbps21
VM.Standard1.4428Block storage only1.2 Gbps41
VM.Standard1.8856Block storage only2.4 Gbps81
VM.Standard1.1616112Block storage only4.8 Gbps161
VM.Standard.B1.1112Block storage only 600 Mbps22
VM.Standard.B1.2224Block storage only1.2 Gbps22
VM.Standard.B1.4448Block storage only 2.4 Gbps44
VM.Standard.B1.8896Block storage only4.8 Gbps88
VM.Standard.B1.1616192Block storage only 9.6 Gbps1616
VM.Standard2.1115Block storage only1 Gbps22
VM.Standard2.2230Block storage only2 Gbps22
VM.Standard2.4460Block storage only4.1 Gbps44
VM.Standard2.88120Block storage only8.2 Gbps88
VM.Standard2.1616240Block storage only16.4 Gbps1616
VM.Standard2.2424320Block storage only24.6 Gbps2424
VM.Standard.E2.1.Micro

1

See Details of the Always Free Resources.

1Block storage only480 Mbps1-
VM.Standard.E2.118Block storage only700 Mbps22
VM.Standard.E2.2216Block storage only1.4 Gbps22
VM.Standard.E2.4432Block storage only2.8 Gbps44
VM.Standard.E2.8864Block storage only5.6 Gbps44

VM.Standard.E3.Flex

See Flexible Shapes.

1 OCPU minimum, 64 OCPU maximum

16 GB per OCPU1

Block storage only1 Gbps per OCPU, maximum 40 Gbps

VM with 1 OCPU: 2 VNICs.

VM with 2 or more OCPUs: 1 VNIC per OCPU.

Maximum 24 VNICs.

VM with 1 OCPU: 2 VNICs.

VM with 2 or more OCPUs: 1 VNIC per OCPU.

Maximum 24 VNICs.

1: Instances are billed for the full amount of memory that you provision. Usable memory is reduced by up to 256 MB per instance. This difference is due to memory reserved to support the VM on the hypervisor.

Dense I/O Shapes

Designed for large databases, big data workloads, and applications that require high-performance local storage. DenseIO shapes include locally-attached NVMe-based SSDs.

These are the VM dense I/O series:

  • VM.DenseIO1: X5-based dense I/O compute. Processor: Intel Xeon E5-2699 v3. Base frequency 2.3 GHz, max turbo frequency 3.6 GHz.

    X5-based shapes availability is limited to monthly universal credit customers existing on or before November 9, 2018, in the US West (Phoenix), US East (Ashburn), and Germany Central (Frankfurt) regions.

  • VM.DenseIO2: X7-based dense I/O compute. Processor: Intel Xeon Platinum 8167M. Base frequency 2.0 GHz, max turbo frequency 2.4 GHz.
ShapeOCPUMemory (GB)Local Disk (TB)Max Network BandwidthMax VNICs Total: LinuxMax VNICs Total: Windows
VM.DenseIO1.44603.2 TB NVMe SSD1.2 Gbps41
VM.DenseIO1.881206.4 TB NVMe SSD2.4 Gbps81
VM.DenseIO1.161624012.8 TB NVMe SSD4.8 Gbps161
VM.DenseIO2.881206.4 TB NVMe SSD8.2 Gbps88
VM.DenseIO2.161624012.8 TB NVMe SSD16.4 Gbps1616
VM.DenseIO2.242432025.6 TB NVMe SSD24.6 Gbps2424

GPU Shapes

Designed for hardware-accelerated workloads. GPU shapes include Intel CPUs and NVIDIA graphics processors.

These are the VM GPU series:

  • VM.GPU2: X7-based GPU compute.

    • GPU: NVIDIA Tesla P100
    • CPU: Intel Xeon Platinum 8167M. Base frequency 2.0 GHz, max turbo frequency 2.4 GHz.
  • VM.GPU3: X7-based GPU compute.

    • GPU: NVIDIA Tesla V100
    • CPU: Intel Xeon Platinum 8167M. Base frequency 2.0 GHz, max turbo frequency 2.4 GHz.
ShapeOCPUMemory (GB)Local Disk (TB)Max Network BandwidthMax VNICs Total: LinuxMax VNICs Total: Windows

VM.GPU2.1

(GPU: 1xP100)

1272Block storage only8 Gbps1212

VM.GPU3.1

(GPU: 1xV100)

690Block storage only4 Gbps66

VM.GPU3.2

(GPU: 2xV100)

12180Block storage only8 Gbps1212

VM.GPU3.4

(GPU: 4xV100)

24360Block storage only24.6 Gbps2424

Dedicated Virtual Machine Host Shapes

ShapeInstance TypeBilled OCPUUsable OCPU1Supported Shapes for Hosted VMs
DVH.Standard2.52X7-based VM host5248VM.Standard2

1: The difference between billed OCPUs and usable OCPUs is due to OCPUs reserved for hypervisor use.