Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Documentation

Overview of Boot Volume Backups

The backups feature of the Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Block Volume service lets you make a crash-consistent backup, which is a point in time snapshot of a boot volume without application interruption or downtime. Boot volume backup capabilities are the same as block volume backup capabilities. See Overview of Block Volume Backups for more information.

There are two ways you can initiate a boot volume backup, the same as block volume backups. You can either manually start the backup, or assign a policy which defines a set backup schedule. See Manual Backups and Policy-Based Backups for more information.

Boot Volume Backup Types

The Block Volume service supports the same backups types for boot volumes as for block volumes:

  • Incremental: This backup type includes only the changes since the last backup.

  • Full: This backup type includes all changes since the volume was created.

You can restore a boot volume from any of your incremental or full boot volume backups. Both backup types enable you to restore the full boot volume contents to the point-in-time snapshot of the boot volume when the backup was taken. You don't need to keep the initial full backup or subsequent incremental backups in the backup chain and restore them in sequence, you only need to keep the backups taken for the times you care about.

Note

After a boot volume has been resized, the first backup on the resized boot volume will be a full backup. See Resizing a Volume for more information about volume resizing.

Backing Up a Boot Volume

You can create boot volume backups using the Console or the REST APIs/command line interface (CLI). See Backing Up a Boot Volume and the BootVolumeBackup API for more information.

Boot Volume Backup Size

Boot volume backup size may be larger than the source boot volume size. Some of the reasons for this could include the following:

  • Any part of the boot volume that has been written to is considered initialized, so will always be part of the boot volume backup.

  • Many operating systems write or zero out the content, which results in these blocks marked as used. The Block Volume service considers these blocks updated and includes them in the volume backup.

  • Boot volume backups also include metadata, which can be up to 1 GB in additional data. For example, in a full backup of a 256 GB Windows boot disk, you may see a backup size of 257 GB, which includes an additional 1 GB of metadata.

Restoring a Boot Volume

Before you can use a boot volume backup, you need to restore it. For steps, see Restoring a Boot Volume.

Making a boot volume backup while an instance is running creates a crash-consistent backup, meaning the data is in the identical state it was in at the time the backup was made. This is the same state it would be in the case of a loss of power or hard crash. In most cases, you can restore a boot volume backup and use it to create an instance. Alternatively you can attach it to an instance as a data volume to repair it or recover data, see Attaching a Volume. To ensure a bootable image, you should create a custom image from your instance. For information about creating custom images, see Managing Custom Images.

Copying Boot Volume Backups Across Regions

You can copy boot volume backups between regions using the Console, command line interface (CLI), SDKs, or REST APIs. For steps, see Copying a Boot Volume Backup Between Regions. This capability enhances the following scenarios:

  • Disaster recovery and business continuity: By copying boot volume backups to another region at regular intervals, it makes it easier for you to restore instances in the destination region if a region-wide disaster occurs in the source region.

  • Migration and expansion: You can easily migrate and expand your instances to another region.

To copy boot volume backups between regions, you must have permission to read and copy boot volume backups in the source region, and permission to create boot volume backups in the destination region. For more information see Required IAM Policy.

Once you have copied the boot volume backup to the new region you can then restore from that backup by creating a new volume from the backup using the steps described in Restoring a Boot Volume.

Differences Between Boot Volume Backups and Clones

Consider the following criteria when you decide whether to create a backup or a clone of a volume.

  Volume Backup Volume Clone
Description Creates a point-in-time backup of data on a volume. You can restore multiple new volumes from the backup later in the future. Creates a single point-in-time copy of a volume without having to go through the backup and restore process.
Use case

Retain a backup of the data in a volume, so that you can duplicate an environment later or preserve the data for future use.

Meet compliance and regulatory requirements, because the data in a backup remains unchanged over time.

Support business continuity requirements.

Reduce the risk of outages or data mutation over time.

Rapidly duplicate an existing environment. For example, you can use a clone to test configuration changes without impacting your production environment.

Speed Slower (minutes or hours) Faster (seconds)
Cost Lower cost Higher cost
Storage location Object Storage Block Volume
Retention policy Policy-based backups expire, manual backups do not expire No expiration
Volume groups Supported. You can back up a volume group. Supported. You can clone a volume group.